Bali is the name of one of the provinces in Indonesia and is also the name of the largest island that is part of the province. Besides comprising the island of Bali, the province of Bali also consists of smaller islands in the vicinity, namely Nusa Penida Island, Nusa Lembongan Island, Nusa Ceningan Island and Serangan Island.
Bali is located between Java and Lombok. The provincial capital is Denpasar, which is located in the southern part of the island. The majority of Balinese are Hindus. In the world, Bali is famous as a tourism destination with a unique variety of arts and culture, especially for Japanese and Australian tourists. Bali is also known as the Island of the Gods and Pulau Seribu Pura.
The Nusa Tenggara Islands or the Lesser Sunda Islands (now sometimes used in geographical maps of the world), are a group of islands to the east of Java, from Bali to the west, to Timor to the east. The Southwest Islands and the Tanimbar Islands which are part of the Maluku Province region are also geographically included in the Nusa Tenggara islands.
Administratively, the Nusa Tenggara Islands are part of the Indonesian territory, except the eastern part of the island of Timor, including the territory of Timor Leste.
At the beginning of Indonesia’s independence, these islands were the territory of the Lesser Sunda Province with a capital in Singaraja, now consisting of 3 provinces (successively from the west): Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.
About West Nusa Tenggara
Reconstructing the history of the Selaparang Kingdom into a whole and complete historical building seems to require in-depth study. The main problem lies in the availability of adequate and adequate historical sources. Current sources, such as Babad and others, require selection and sorting with valid and reliable criteria. What is written in this simple writing may still invite debate. Therefore, to the extent that there are differences in their disclosure, they will be made as a picture which remains to be traced as further learning material.
It is rather difficult to compromise interpretation to find the third common thread of the above description. The lack of historical sources is an inevitable reason.
According to Lalu Djelenga (2004), the more meaningful historical record of the kingdoms in Lombok began with the entry of Majapahit through an expedition under Mpu Nala in 1343 as the implementation of the Palapa Maha Patih Gajah Mada Oath which was then continued with Gajah Mada’s own inspection in 1352.
This expedition, continued Djelenga, left traces of the Gelgel kingdom in Bali. Whereas in Lombok in its development left a trail in the form of four main kingdoms that were brothers, namely the Bayan Kingdom in the west, the Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to the four kingdoms, there are small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan and Kentawang. The whole kingdom and village subsequently became independent territories after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed.
Among the kingdoms and villages of the most prominent and most famous is the Kingdom of Lombok, based in Labuhan Lombok. It is said that the city of Lombok is located in the beautiful bay of Lombok and has many fresh water sources. This situation made it visited by traders from Palembang, Banten, Gresik and Sulawesi. and has a weapon called sundu.
About East Nusa Tenggara
The total population in this province is 4,448,873 inhabitants where the male population is 2,213,608 inhabitants and the female population is 2,235,265 inhabitants (2007). Most of the population is Christian with a percentage of ± 95% (majority Christian), ± 4% Muslim, ± 0.2% Hindu or Buddhist and ± 3% for others. East Nusa Tenggara is a sanctuary for Christians in Indonesia who distance themselves from religious conflicts in Maluku and Irian Jaya.
The secondary school enrollment rate is 39% which is far below the Indonesian average of 80.49% in 2003/04 (according to UNESCO). Drinks such as clean water, sanitation and lack of health facilities cause child malnutrition (32%) and infant mortality (71 per 1000) are also greater than most other Indonesian provinces.