Aceh is one of the regions in the archipelago whose people are multi-ethnic characterized by Islam. In this area there are 8 sub ethnicities namely Aceh, Alas, Aneuk Jame, Gayo, Kluet, Simeulu, Singkil, and Tamiang. The eight sub-ethnic groups have very different historical origins and cultures between one sub-ethnic and other sub-ethnic groups, thus enriching the cultural diversity in Aceh. Aceh residents are often mentioned as descendants of various groups and nationalities. Just like the word ACEH is often identified with the abbreviation of Arabic, Chinese, European, Indian where it physically shows the characteristics of Arabs, Indians, Europeans and Chinese.
Banda Aceh is only 45 minutes from Medan by plane. If you go from Jakarta, the trip is only about 2.5 hours from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. Surfers from all over the world often come to Lhok Nga during the winter in their country. The weather after 10:00 am is quite hot but rarely above 30ºC.
Banda Aceh is the largest port owned besides Sabang, Lhokseumawe and Langsa. The forest area consists of Permanent Forests (3,282,000 ha), Production Forests (188,000 ha), and Protection Forests (26,440.81). Flora and Fauna which become the regional identity include, Flora: Bungong Jeumpa (michelia champaca), Fauna: Yellow Cicimpala (Copsychus Pyrropygus).
The city of Banda Aceh was founded on April 22, 1205 by Sultan Alaidin Johansyah. Banda Aceh is one of the oldest Islamic cities in Southeast Asia. It has been known since the 17th century as a metropolitan city, a city of trade (economy), a center of science, a center for political activity, a center for Islamic education, a center for Islamic culture in Southeast Asia. The city in Banda Aceh is called Kutaraja. On December 26, 2004, the city was devastated by a tsunami that destroyed about 60% of the buildings in the city. Banda Aceh is also called Tanah Rencong which has 9 regencies, namely: Baiturahman, Kuta Alam, Meuraxa, Syiah Kuala, Lueng Bata, Ulee Kareng, Banda Raya, Jaya Baru, Kutaraja.